1990 - King Birendra promulgates a new constitution written by the political parties. This constitution makes Nepal a Constitutional Monarchy.
1991 - King Birendra directs Nepal Government to hold a parliamentary election. Nepali Congress Party emerges as the winner and party president Girija Prasad Koirala becomes prime minister.
1991-1994 - Heightened corruption by the Congress led government. Koirala loses his government in a no-confidence motion. New election is held and Communist government is formed. Man Mohan Adhikari is sworn is as Prime Minister.
1995 - Dissolution of Communist Government. As a result of uncontrolled corruption, violence, and crime in the past five years, a fraction of Communists start Civil War.
1996 - Nepal Congress Party takes in charge of the government. Sher Bahadur Deuba is appointed as the Prime Minister.
1997 - Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba loses no-confidence vote, and Lokendra Bahadur Chand of Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand) is appointed as the Prime Minister. The same year, the coalition government is dissolved again and Surya Bahadur Thapa of Rastriya Prajatantra Party is sworn in as Prime Minister.
1998 - The Government is dissolved again and Girija Prasad Koirala is selected for his second term for premiership.
1999 - Koirala government fails again and Krishna Prasad Bhattarai of Nepali Congress is selected as the Prime Minister.
2000 - Koirala returns as prime minister for his third term. This was the ninth government in 10 years of Constitutional Monarchy.
2001 - King Birendra is massacred. Following the killings, Prince Gyanendra is crowned as the King of Nepal. When King Gyanendra inherited the country, it was plagued with unstable governments and heightened Maoist's civil war. In July, Maoist rebels escalate violence and killings. Prime Minister Koirala quits for his failure to control the civil war. Sher Bahadur Deuba is appointed as Prime Minister for the second time. In November , Deuba declares state of Emergency. Deuba Government is dissolved and fresh elections are called. Deuba continues to head interim government. He also renews Emergency. King Gyanendra repeatedly urges Deuba government to hold elections and hold peace talks with the Maoists. Deuba fails.
2002 - King Gyanendra offers extension twice to Deuba for elections. Deuba repeatedly asks for extension of time to hold election in order to continue his tenture as prime minister. Citing Deuba's failure and unwillingness to negotiate with the Maoist rebels, and failure to conduct elections, King Gyanendra dismisses Deuba led Government. King Gyanendra appoints Lokendra Bahadur Chand as the Prime Minister followed by Surya Bahadur Thapa to negotiate with the Maoist rebels but eventually fires both of them for their inability to bring Maoists on the negotiation table. He imposes the rule of strict law and order. His move is welcomed by the public by lightning candles just as Deepawali is celebrated. The country starts to see corruption free administration. However, the political parties call his move as dictatorial. They begin street protests often violently.
2004 - Street protests and violence by political parties continues. King Gyanendra reinstates Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister and directs him to conduct elections.
2005 - In order to continue his tenure as Prime Minister, Deuba continues to seek extension to hold election. After several extensions, in February, King Gyanendra fires Deuba again for his unwillingness to conduct elections and assumes direct control of the government. He promises to return the nation on the path of normalcy within 36 months which he planned to do in two phases, 18 months each. Although welcomed by the public, political parties start street protests against King's move. In November, Maoist rebels and political parties join hands by signing a 12 point agreement in New Delhi, India and agree to launch a massive street protest to force the King to hand over the power to the political parties .
2006 - In April, the capital city Kathmandu witnesses many violence followed by street protests. 23 protesters including the Maoist rebels and political parties members are killed in the protest. Adopting the policy of "Nepali, whether Maoists, political party members or general public, should not be killed anymore", King Gyanendra reinstates the parliament. Girija Prasad Koirala is appointed Prime Minister for fifth time. The government wants to write a new constitution and decides to hold a Constituent Assembly (CA) election. Koirala dismisses the need of holding a parliamentary election.
2006 - Maoists join government with Nepali Congress Party and Community Party.
2007 - Maoists demand for monarchy to be removed from the constitution. CA elections postponed twice.
2008 - Maoist rebels win the largest bloc of seats in elections to the new Constituent Assembly (CA). The term for this assembly was to expire on May 28, 2010. In May, Maoist rebel chief Prachanda states that the decision on Monarchy will be made by the CA assembly, not by people. He warns of a violent revolt if Monarchy's future is not decided by the assembly. Ratriya Prajatantra Party Chief Kamal Thapa terms Prachanda's statement as dictatorial and demands that the future of Monarchy be decided by the people, not by assembly. CA Nepal declares Nepal an interim republic pending the promulgation of new constitution. The assembly continues to renew its own tenure since then. Prachanda, Madhav Kumar Nepal Jhalnath Khanal and Baburam Bhattari serve as the Prime Minister.
2007-Present: The extended constitution promulgation deadline expired on May 28, 2012 and the CA was dissolved. Legal experts claim that since the CA created the post of interim president and the PM was selected by the CA, those positions have been eliminated. Experts also believe the Constitution of 1990 has took effect with the dissolution of CA. Call for referendum on the need of Monarchy by various organizations, groups, political parties and the public. Call for parliamentary election that Nepal has not witnessed since 1999.
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